Knowing who has access to a facility at any point in time helps to protect the things we value most. Without a key management program that incorporates some form of patented key restriction, the ability to control key duplication becomes an impossible task. While high security keys and cylinders do tend to cost more than their conventional counterparts, the ability to mix in conventional and high security cylinders within a facility decreases that financial impact and still provides a higher level of control.
The trend in security hardware is definitely leaning toward electronic systems. The reason: heightened security awareness. While most installations still use keys, electronic systems are being installed where security is a must.
Who’s Has The Actual Keys?
Electronic key management along with control is really an essential facet of security systems for several Campuses, institutions and buildings. There’s a misguided perception amongst a few people in which the utilization of standard mechanical keys has become considerably less crucial with the evolution and proliferation regarding state-of-the-art access control technologies. The reality is that conventional mechanical keys are definitely more common than ever before, and modern day security understanding determines that the location and possession of such keys continually be monitored, tracked, as well as be managed properly. Casino houses, health-care facilities, convention centers, commercial and residential property management, government, educational facilities, delivery/transportation, prisons and auto dealerships are some of the more typical users of a good key management systems.
Electronic Key Management Systems
The demand for as well as advancement of electronic key management systems is going to be answered, in addition to the present state regarding modern technology, network architectures available, cost-benefit analysis, legal compliance requirements, along with cost-benefit assessment will often be analyzed regarding electronic key management systems
A standard key management system will be characterized as:
a). Keys are actually secured inside a locked (or unlocked) housing and every key is designated an actual physical as well as logistical locale (or simply a hook in the more old fashioned system).
b). Every key or perhaps key bundle might be designated to a person in which security qualifications allow the utilization of that key for the duration of a certain time frame. Authority systems vary from a guard identifying along with issuing keys using the old fashioned system to electronic locking, release, timing and tracking in advanced systems.
c). Brought back keys are actually logged in (electronically or perhaps in writing) supplying administration by having a record of to whom and when the particular keys were given as well as whether or not the keys are on hand or remain out and about.
Three of the standard key control system architecture RFID key management fob
Key control will be monitored and/or managed using a sign-out sheet as well as the management associated with administrative and/or security staff members. This technique can be labor intensive vulnerable to human error; normally has no way of creating an automated report in the event that a key is not returned.
Metal to metal contact detection systems have been readily available for more than 2 decades. These types of contact “chips” as well as other systems are based upon electro-mechanical point-to-point contact spots of the system connected to the key. Keys are actually basically mechanical gadgets susceptible to misuse as well as repeated direct exposure to dirt and even moisture. The same mechanical devices are generally, for secure operations, based upon electrical contact points that are subject to malfunction as well as higher repairs and maintenance as a result of typical wear and also dirt on the contacts.
The most recent type of electronic key management systems is founded on contactless RFID technology (a lot like however far more durable compared to the standard Prox cards). An RFID tag will be inserted right into a non-destructible key fob, that is docked in a round port on the keyboard. RFID technologies are maintenance-free plus the contactless id functionality regarding the actual Fob may be used for various other functions associated with access and control functionality of the electronic key management system.
Smart Electronic Key Management is basically an Access Control System with regard to assets. These kinds of systems may be set up in 3 distinct topologies:
Until 4-5 years ago virtually all these types of systems ended up being set up for stand-alone. This system embeds the Access Database as well as log locally and also operated without having central management. Data files not to mention modifications will be regularly uploaded and updated by means of system management.
Multiple systems, usually at multiple locations (from a couple of feet to half way around the world) consist of an individual over-all electronic key management and access system. Management comes from the internet browser accessible server and the system is located within the local IT network together with complete Web Access capabilities. Just one data base controls as well as records events and authority for every location. Networked systems also needs to possess fall-back for every systems to function properly in stand-alone mode should short-term malfunction with the network happen.
Key management is actually access control. From the administrative and logical perspective, a key (or even key bundle) is actually a type of door object. Essentially the most sophisticated systems possess open protocols that could be incorporated into traditional Access Control in order to take advantage of single management, single databases as well as the overarching security requirements of each organization.
Cost Benefit of Electronic Key Management Systems
Damaged or lost keys cost companies inside The United States around $35B each year in shrinkage, liability and lock replacement costs and inefficiency. Automated, electronic key management systems normally have a pay-back in under 1 year once all the costs and risks are reviewed.
Electronic Access Control has developed into a staple of the equipment readily available to Security Directors outside and inside of government to enhance and control security specifications inside their area of responsibilities. However, very few of the same leading-edge executives have integrated actual keys inside their Threat Analysis. Great attention is used with admittance thru doors to sensitive areas even though some companies highest potential risk areas are actually easily accessible through physical keys loosely managed using a sign-out sheet.
Since more and more Security Directors measure the potential risk caused from uncontrolled physical keys and as increasingly more sophisticated Access Control systems key control in to the wider access control capabilities, electronic key management is intended to realize a similar ubiquity.
Overview of Electronic Key Management Systems
Contactless RFID electronic key management systems provide security, efficiency, as well as visual appearance and therefore are most cost-effective over time. As being the most favored option amongst consumers at many levels (security, IT, facility management, etc.), the particular RFID technologies technique of electronic key management is actually likely to be the obvious option for the widespread realm regarding applications in the foreseeable future.
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